Cyclothymic Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Mental disorders are one type of mental disorder that can happen to anyone. The types of mental disorders are also divided into several types and types, one of which is cyclothymic disorder. Have you ever known cyclothymic disorder, and what exactly is cyclothymic disorder? Well, this type of mental disorder can actually be said to be similar to bipolar disorder. The type of interference itself is a bit difficult for us to see and detect directly. This is also because someone who experiences this type of disorder is often not aware of it because it is also considered as a hidden feature of depression.

Cyclothymic if we interpret in general is a disorder that occurs in a person's mood disorders. This is what makes our emotions go up and down. In fact, most of the sufferers also experience hypomania leading to postpartum depression, even though the level of depression they experience is still on a mild scale. Cyclothymic disorder can happen to anyone, from teenagers to adults. But several studies have also found that most of the sufferers are teenagers. People with cyclothymic disorder are generally not aware of what is happening to them, and they are not even aware that they have cyclothymic disorder. This is also what causes a person suffering from it is not aware of the characteristics or symptoms that occur to him. In fact, this is also due to the atmosphere of the day which often changes rapidly. Also know personality disorders in clinical psychology.

Symptoms of Cyclothymic Disorder

Generally, this cyclothymic sufferer is characterized by several symptoms, it can start with mild depression, then it can become a hypomanic disorder, where what is meant here is the occurrence of a change in mood that can make a person more excited, both mentally and physically. Many say that some of the characteristics or symptoms of this disorder are indeed almost similar to bipolar, where someone who has bipolar disorder generally also has a more extreme life or is equated with cyclothymic disorder. However, the signs and symptoms that appear are much milder.

Some of the characteristics that we can see include:

  • Has a very aggressive nature.
  • A person affected by this disorder also has the characteristics of quick temper.
  • Have sleep disorders, either hypersomnia to insomnia.
  • People who have this disorder are also easy to forget and also often have difficulty concentrating.
  • Have a very low sex drive.
  • Sufferers also have a fluctuating appetite, which causes their weight to drop drastically.
  • Always feel guilty for what he did and also often give up easily.
  • Sufferers always feel tired.
  • The occurrence of a decrease in nerves that resulted in the existing mood in him to be disturbed.

Causes of Cyclothymic Disorder

There are many things that can be the cause of the emergence of cyclothymic disorder, even some psychologists have also researched this disorder. But there are also some people who do not know for sure what is the cause of this disorder. However, the presence of heredity or family factors can also be a history of the emergence of cyclothymic disorders and other mental disorders. but there are also several other causes in the form of traumatic events that appear to be the cause of cyclothymic disorder.

Although disorders can have different causes, some of them can also occur due to psychological pressure or injury that occurs in a person's psychology. In addition, mood disorders can also trigger the emergence of this cyclothymic disorder. Where someone is too sensitive will greatly affect the physical and mental. So it is not uncommon for a type of cyclothymic disorder to appear. This disorder can also be severe or curable, depending on the level of depression experienced by the patient.

Handling Method

After we review about cyclothymic disorder, where this one disorder is a condition that does require special treatment. Some even say that this type of disorder requires lifelong treatment. Because this one disorder is a little difficult to cure, but the symptoms themselves can be reduced and managed to be lighter. Special treatment must also be considered, both for the patient and for the patient's family, because if it is not managed properly the symptoms can become bipolar and will lead to a more dangerous condition.

There are several types of drugs that are usually consumed, including:

  • Types of anti-seizure drugs, such as lemotrigine, valproic acid and also sodium divaproex.
  • Types of anti-anxiety drugs, usually benzodiazepines.
  • Types of anti-depressants or drugs that are usually used to make you feel better.
  • Types of drugs including atopic antipsychotics, such as risperdone, olanzapine and quetiapine.

The existence of family support is also needed by the patient to make the symptoms less severe. In addition, the family can also take the patient to a psychiatrist and also a psychologist who really understands and understands this one disorder. Because there are some of these disorders that attack the patient because of a psychological disorder in that person. the family must also encourage the patient so that the patient does not give up easily to be able to heal himself from the symptoms of this disease. Family support is the main thing and also number one, because without the support of the family of the sufferer or patient with cyclothymic disorder, it will be difficult to cure.

There are actually many things that can be done to make the symptoms lessen, one of which is also with the support of types of psychological disorder therapy and also the existence of health therapies that can make the sufferer have a much better mood and also reduce the existing symptoms. Where the existence of cognitive behavioral therapy also makes the sufferer have a behavior that leads to a positive direction, even a healthy lifestyle will be needed to make the sufferer even better. Well, here's a review of things related to cyclothymic disorder. Happy reading!

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