Stages of Early Childhood Language Development that You Need to Know

Language development in children is something extraordinary and is a developmental stage that is awaited by many parents. Usually they are very enthusiastic about waiting for the baby's first words to be spoken, which usually occurs between the ages of nine months and one year. From about age two, children should be able to make simple phrases and by age three should be able to use full sentences. Then at the age of four years the child should be able to speak although it will still make grammatical errors, and at the age of five the child can acquire basic language skills.

Language development is a very important part of the overall development of children. It will support the child's ability to communicate, express and understand feelings. Also supports thinking and problem solving, developing and maintaining relationships with others. Learning to understand, use and enjoy language is a critical first step in literacy, and forms the basis for learning to read and write.

Language Development at an Early Age

The function of language in psychology is very important for the development of children to adulthood. Some of the following stages of early childhood language development can be listened to up to eight years of age, namely:

1. Age 0 – 12 Months

During this period, babies will mostly laugh and coo, play with sounds and begin to communicate with gestures such as waving. Babbling becomes an important part of development in this first year, which is often followed by a stage in which the child often sounds like he or she is talking or having a conversation. However, at this stage the conversation is meaningless. The first words often begin at 12 months of age. Parents may hear him babbling and saying the first word as he gets closer to saying his first word. If your baby is not babbling and not using gestures by 12 months of age, talk to your doctor or developmentalist and other health care professional.

At this stage of early childhood language development, children can show responses to sounds, are attracted to faces and other people, begin to babble by repeating consonants and vowels, understand commands given verbally, are also able to point in the direction they want. In general, babies will start talking at the age of 10-16 months after a lot of babbling. Usually he says the first words in the form of names or nicknames of people around him.

2. 12 – 18 Months

At this age, children often say their first words with certain meanings. For example, he began to be able to call 'Mama'. In the next few months, the child will begin to add a few extra words to his vocabulary. He could understand more than he could say and could follow simple instructions too. For example, he can understand when parents say 'No' even though they will not always obey. Also know how to deal with expressive language disorders, the role of cognition in language development and what are the facts of body language according to psychology.

3. 18 Months – 2 Years

In the second year, early childhood language development will be seen from the child's vocabulary increases and he will begin to combine two words together into one short sentence. Starting to produce and understand single words, pointing to body parts and vocabulary will also increase rapidly. Begin to understand the meaning behind simple instructions such as 'throw the ball' or 'clapping'. He will understand more what other people say to him and parents will be able to understand what he is saying. The average child aged 19-20 months experiences a 'language explosion' according to experts. Language development can take many variations, but if your child doesn't say a few words by about 18 months then this is a matter of particular concern.

4. 2 – 3 Years

At the stage of language development for early childhood aged 2-3 years, children can talk longer and in more complex sentences, and are also getting better at pronouncing words correctly. Children can play and talk at the same time. Strangers can probably understand most of what a child says by the age of three. Children can also understand familiar conversations, for example, often done by the family, are able to ask questions and answers, and are able to ask 'why', say words consisting of two or more sentences in a simple even though not perfect. Also know about how to deal with social emotional disorders in early childhood and the reasons for the importance of limiting the use of gadgets in early childhood.

5. 3 – 5 Years

Children at this age can be expected to use more abstract and more complex conversations because their social skills are also increasing. He is also likely to speak on a broad and varied topic, and his vocabulary is also growing and expanding. Able to understand various concepts of color, shape, size, event, taste, texture and smell or smell. Children can demonstrate an understanding of the basic rules of grammar, experimenting in more complex sentences with the words 'because', 'if', 'so' and 'when'. He also begins to be able to tell stories, shows he likes to communicate with friends or children his age, asks various questions, and so on. At the age of 4-5 years, the child's speech ability may have matched that of adults, distinguishing what it is and what kinds and uses of pronouns and verbs, giving criticism and even telling and telling parents. Also know about the benefits of educational psychology for early childhood, the application of personality psychology in understanding early childhood and how to educate children to be smart.

6. 5 – 8 Years

In the early childhood language development stage at the beginning of school age, children will learn new words and begin to understand how sound and language work together. Children already understand that language is not just speech but also contains a broader meaning. He can express his opinion using language, express a desire, reject or admire something, interact with peers and imagine. He will also become a better storyteller, as he learns to place words in different ways and construct different kinds of sentences. This ability will also allow children to express their ideas and opinions. At the age of eight, he will be able to talk like an adult. Also know the relationship of psycholinguistics to language acquisition and early childhood social-emotional development.

The Importance of Children's Speech Readiness

As soon as a child is born they will learn and develop pre-lingual or non-verbal skills that will support subsequent language learning. Pre-language skills are the ways in which we communicate without using language and do things such as gestures, facial expressions, imitation, attention and eye contact. These are abilities before the early childhood language development stage that allow children to be ready to talk and communicate. Early childhood parenting can also affect children's language skills, because the role of parents in the social and emotional development of early childhood is very large. If a child has difficulty with pre-language skills they may exhibit the following characteristics:

  • Not giving eye contact or making brief eye contact when spoken to or interacted.
  • Does not respond with a smile to the person who invites to interact
  • Do not use different sounds to indicate feelings of happiness, sadness, hunger, fatigue or other.
  • Don't play with sound or babble.
  • Do not use gestures or sounds to get the attention of adults, especially mothers.
  • Don't try to point things out or draw parents' attention to something that interests them.
  • Does not enjoy other people participating when he is playing.
  • Doesn't respond to different expressions or tones of voice he hears from other people.

Children who have difficulty in the pre-stage of early childhood language development may also have difficulty developing early childhood characteristics by learning to speak, developing relationships with peers, understanding rules in the classroom, work or play area, having poor social communication skills. such as eye contact, proper distance when talking to other people, take over the conversation. Parents can also help children by inviting them to play hide and seek, practice eye contact, play fun games, listen to various voices, read stories together, play interactively, sing, and apply the benefits of playing for early childhood in turns.

In addition to how to overcome language development disorders in children, parents also need to spend quality time with children, take a psychological approach to language learning, often talk to them, turn off disturbing background noises at home so that children can better recognize someone's voice, talk face to face with children, simplify the language used, pay attention to children's interests, also vary the child's voice and intonation. If the child has difficulty with the pre-language stage, it is recommended that they consult a speech therapist. If there are more areas that need attention, occupational therapy and talk therapy may also be recommended.

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