The Development Of The Individual In Educational Psychology

Individuals in life will experience growth from baby to adult. In every stage of development, there is development tasks that must be obtained every individual.

Each task is associated with maturity, motor, language, cognitive psychology, socio-emotional, spirituality, and many more as a condition for the fulfillment of happiness in life.

Havighurst if the task of development is a task which arises at a certain period in the life span of the individual which, if successfully completed, it will provide happiness and success.

But if you have a failure, it can cause a sense of not happy on the individual self.

The development is a function of aspects of the psychic with the nature of qualitative continue to run until the end of life. Development is a process of qualitative change, which refers to the quality of the function of the organs of the physical.

While the emphasis means located at the consummation of the psychological functions that carried the physical organs. Here we will give an explanation about the development of the individual in full to you.

The Development Of The Individual

The development of the individual is a progressive change and continuous or continuous in individuals ranging from birth to death, which in English is called with The progressive and continuous change in the organism from born to death.

Meanwhile, according to the F.J Monks in Desmita stated if the development is a process towards a more perfect and not repeated again.

Not much different with Joseph and Muslikah say if the development is the process of the occurrence of many gradual changes experienced by the individual or organism towards a level of maturity or the maturity of which took place a systematic, progressive and also sustainable for the physical and psychic.

Motor Development

Motor development or motor development is the process of the development of progressive and related to the acquisition of various skills of different physical with the development of memory in children.

At first, a newborn child has little control on the activity of the tool body. After admission to the age of 4 months, then the baby can sit with a disclaimer and some babies also have started to be grasping.

By the time the child has entered primary school between the ages of 6 to 7 to 12 to 13 years old, then his physical development is starting to look and even had a really balanced and proportional. That is, the organs of the body is already growing mismatched and not longer or bigger than it should be. Motor movements students will also continue to increase as your balance and strength at the time of starting to get into JUNIOR high and high SCHOOL.

Factors Of Development Of The Individual

There are 4 kinds of factors that encourage the continuation of the development of motor skills of the child which also has a meddling parents and also teachers in directing it, namely:

1. The Growth Of The Nervous System

The nervous system is a delicate organ in the body that consist of the structure of the network of nerve fibers are very fine centered on the central nervous system, namely a system of neural networks in the brain.

Nerve growth and also the development of the ability to create intelligence or of various kinds of children's intelligence will be increased at the same time encourage the occurrence of patterns of behavior that are new.

The better and varied development of the ability of the nervous system of a child, it will be getting better and varied patterns of behavior that are owned. But if the nerve is damaged, it can not be replaced and grow back like other organs.

2. Muscle Growth

Muscle is a tissue cell that can be changed elongated and became a union or unit cell that has the power to shrink. Among the several main functions, muscles useful for binding other organs at once into a network of blood vessels that drain the essence of food.

The rising tone or muscle tension in children can lead to changes and improvements a lot of abilities and the strength of the body that can be seen very clearly from year to year.

3. Changes In The Function Of The Endocrine Glands

The gland is a tool body that produces a liquid or sap-like sweat glands. While endocrine glands are glands in the body that produce hormones and distributed to all parts of the body through the bloodstream.

Changing the function of the endocrine glands such as the adrenal and the pituitary gland which gland under the brain that produces and regulates many hormones will also cause new patterns of various kinds of behavior in the psychology of the child when the teen against the opposite sex.

Such changes can be shaped often do cooperation in sports or study, changing the appearance and the other that aims to attract the opposite sex.

4. Changes In The Structure Of The Physical

The increasing age of the child, it will also increasing the height, the weight and also the proportions of the body in general.

Changes in the physical is influenced on the development of the abilities and also skills motor skills of the child. Strength, speed move, run, accuracy and so on will continue to increase along with the process of the refinement of the structure of the physical students.

5. Language Development

Language is the ability to communicate with other people. The language is closely associated with the development of individual thinking.

The development of the individual seen in the development of the language, namely the ability to form a sense, formulate opinions and also to draw conclusions. The development of the mind it begins when the age of 1. 6 to 2.6 years, which is when the child is able to compose a sentence two or three words. The pace of these developments is:

  • 1.6 the year in which the child is able to formulate opinions as positive as the mother eats.
  • Age 2.6 years, the child could develop a negative opinion as mother does not eat.
  • The next age, the child is able to formulate opinions of criticism, doubt and draw conclusions.

6. Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is the development of intellectual function or process of the development of the ability of the intelligence of the brain. Most of the psychologists in particular kognitivis namely cognitive psychology experts believe if the process of the development of cognitive psychology human has happened since new born.

Provision and also the basis of human development is the capacity of the motor and the capacity of the sensory there is no particular limitation, and is also influenced by cognitive activity.

The research results of cognitive done for the last 20 years concluded if all human infants already have the ability to save information from hearing, sight and also other information which is absorbed through the other senses. In addition, the baby can also respond to the information in a systematic way.

The Stage Of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget classify children's cognitive development into four stages, namely:

1. The Stage Of Sensory Motor

When the development of sensory motor lasts from birth up to 2 years, then the intelligence possessed the child is still shaped primitive which is only based on the type of human behavior in psychology, namely the behavior of the open.

Even so, the intelligence of sensory motor is actually an intelligence basic means for the foundation for the type of intelligence that will be owned by the child in the future.

Intelligence sensory motor is viewed as intelligence practical that it will work for children 0 to 2 years old when the study done on the environment before he could think about what was being done.

In this period, the child learns about following the material world in a practical and also learn cause certain effects without understanding what is done.

2. Pre-Operational Stage

This period occurs in children at the age of 2 up to 7 years. Its development started when the child already has a good mastery of object permanence, which means the child already has awareness about the objects that must exist even though the object he lived or not seen and not be heard again.

Acquisition of the ability in the form of awareness on the existence of object permanence is the result obtained from the cognitive capacity of the new so-called representation of the mental.

Representation is something that represents or is a manifestation of something else. A child may be thinking of and conclude the existence of an object or environment specific. In that period, the other important thing is the ability to speak is obtained.

3. The Stage Of Concrete Operational

In psychology this would happen from the start of the period leading up to a teenager or already began to show the characteristic traits of puberty, the child will get the additional ability to coordinate thoughts and also your ideas with specific events in the system of thought itself.

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