The Mark The Child Has A Mental Disorder

Humans are creatures of God who have the potential psychiatric. They are creatures that have elements of mind, heart and passions. That the presence of these elements, the human could potentially have a structure that we call as the structure of the human psyche. If not maintained properly, then the sense or psychiatric this will have the disorder.

This disorder for example in the form of mental health disorders. Don't ever think that the adults and teens who are often times affected by mental health disorders. Even though children can potentially have mental health disorders.

The children are divided into two, namely the beginning and the end. Early childhood occurs from the age of 2-5 years where there is development between the relationship of parents and child, habituation of hygiene and discipline, sexual development, relationships with siblings, aware of his individuality and others.

The end of the children usually start at the age of 5 or 6 years where characterized by the growth of a strong physical and the emergence of the ability – intellectual ability that is very important.

How then do when in undergoing the golden age of the children like this, they are diagnosed to have mental health disorders? In addition to psychology is indeed made up of many perspectives such as Educational Psychology , Sports Psychology, Personality Psychology, adolescent psychology, social psychology, Islamic Psychology, health psychology and so on. The psychology here will discuss how to diagnose mental health disorders in children.


The history of Mental Health has long been known. A wide variety of human interpretation of the mental condition of a person poses a variety of ways to handle it anyway. For example, people who suffer from the Disorder, Passive Aggressive, or Histrionic Personality Disorder, is regarded as the mystical. Factors of mental health in children is usually influenced by factors internal factors of the child's self-own as well as external factors, i.e. factors of the environment. Causes of mental health disorders in children exactly is not yet known, but there are some factors that cause mental health disorders in children is as follows :

a. Descendants

A gene is a unit of the biological basis of heredity that contains the instructions for the function of every cell in the body. Each child has a genetic respectively. Mental health disorders in the child may be passed from parents to children through genes.

b. The state of the body

Mental disorders are often associated with a person's brain called neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters help nerve cells in the brain to communicate with one another. If chemicals are not balanced or not work properly especially the case defect or injury in areas of the brain specific then it can be associated with some mental disorders.

c. Psychological Trauma

Some mental health disorders in children may also be triggered by trauma psikilogis, such as emotional abuse, physical, or sexual abuse, early loss of important (such as loss of parents), and neglect.

d. Environmental Stress

External factors that can cause mental health disorders in children is stressful environment. The events of the stress or traumatic can mumicu disorder in a person with kerentangan against mental disorders.

e. The Mark The Child Has A Mental Disorder

The Diagnosis is a result of combining statement of the factors of dynamic and etilogis, as well as estimates of prognosis and identification of the patient's condition based on one manifestation of a clinically acceptable. This Diagnosis was taken from several approaches a very comprehensive halted from the approach of the doctor, psychological, psychiatrists, and social workers - who work as one team.

Children who experience mental disorders learned from the interview process with parents, relatives, friends, family doctors, notes in the hospital, reports laboratory, school records and investigations social. In short diagnosis is taken from the description of background that affects the symptoms of mental health disorders such. The steps in simple terms can be seen as follows :

1. Examination Of The Doctor

The doctor's duty to conduct a physical and neurological examination as a form to find the factors of organic may be the causative factors that are important for mental health disorders in children. Medical examination and tests of the physiology of this can indeed be done psychiatrist, but in practice this examination is almost always done by a doctor.

Organ system studied either by direct examination or investigation in general in the laboratory to reduce the presence of physical conditions associated with the problem of mental health disorders in children.

While the physiology conducted by a physician nervous if a behavior disorder showed the possibility of a disturbance in the brain or spinal cord, for example, there is a suspicion of there brain damage (due to injury or infection).

2. Examination Of Psychologists

The psychologist in charge of conducting an interview-interview with the patient is a child, namely to convey and explain the results of the series of psychological tests that help in assessing the abilities and the dynamics of the personality of the individual.

3. A survey of social Workers psychiatry

Social workers psychiatry conducted a series of techniques of interviews and field visits, setting up the life history of the patient which includes a record of its development, school achievement, self-adjustment in society, economic status, and other associated factors in children.

The interview is a treatment face-to-face between the patient and the clinical expert is usually done by psychologists and social workers psychiatry. It begins with a notice on the phone by the patient to determine when the interview was held.

The interview was conducted as an initial opportunities to learn more about the issues and the history of the patient. On the basis of this information, psychologists and social workers psychiatry may gain an impression of the initial diagnostic and give you a proper assessment.

Format of an interview given may be different between expert with one another but generally cover topics such as: identifying data, picture of the issues raised, the history psychosocial history, medical or psychiatric and medical problems or treatment.After conducting the interview, the psychologist and the social worker, psychiatry assessing the cognitive function of the patient in the form of examination of mental status (mental status examination).

4. Through the Atmosphere of affect and mood (mood)

The atmosphere affect which refers to the accuracy of the emotions or feelings associated with objects or ideas. Then through the mood that emotions strongly shown during the interview, such as sadness, anxiety, or anger. Emotions in Psychology can shape someone into a different person, which is not only strong emotions but also a dominant can cause a person to change his personality.

5. Psychiatrist

Psiakiater alone has the authority to investigate the mental status of the patient is a child in relation to all discoveries that have been made by the parties above. Although today there is a tendency to establish the diagnosis of mental health disorders in children through an interdisciplinary approach. However, the final responsibility for determining the diagnosis with appropriate and devise a treatment program located on a psychiatrist.

6. Examination of the Level of intellectual

Clinical expert also assess the general level of intellectual functioning of children based on the way he spoke of the patient, namely the way of speaking and the ability to express ideas clearly, the level of general knowledge, as well as the status of the social-economical obtained.

Other disorders (7-13)

  • Physical assessment: Through the feasibility of the general appearance of the children, a style of taking care of himself, how to wear the clothes and others.
  • Observations of Behavior: the Assessment of the behavior of verbal and nonverbal patients where the examination is noted signs of psychological disorders.
  • Examination of Memory: The memory of children to events that recently happened or the events that happened a long time ago.
  • Assessment of the Sensorium: The assessment of all of the senses of the individual to analyze the focus children's attention, capacity for concentration, and level of consciousness about the world.
  • Observations of Perception: That is a psychological process by which a child's ability to interpret the information provided by the senses.
  • Examination of the Mind: an Examination of the process-the process of the minds of the children that refers to the form and contents of the mind which is the mind that is logical and coherent.

After the children diagnosed with mental health disorders should be parties in the vicinity should always strive to seek recovery. In the school environment should teachers and friends is instrumental in helping the healing. Words that say by teacher to the students like the arrow released from the bow.

The words spoken by the teacher to the students will determine their future and the effect on his mental health. Of the party family should always be patient and open with the children who have this disorder so that they feel valued and can heal more quickly.

See you in the next article, thank you

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