The Development Of Psychology In The School

If seen in nature, human beings always want to educate their offspring in each stage of the lifespan of the start of the fetus, infant, toddler, children, teens, adults up to the age of the sea.

Children will start to get into the stages are already quite understand as well as understand something and also can know about of something good and the bad.

In this stage, a person is to explore the potential that there is in him in order to reach maturity at the time such person is older.

However, emotions in psychology which is owned children sometimes still unstable so it must be directed so as not to fall on something that could harm themselves and other people around.

The development of psychology itself can be defined a change that occurs in a person as a result of the process of learning and have been adapted to the conditions of the psychological development of the students. To be more clear, here we will give an explanation about the development of psychology in the school more.

Factors that Affect the Psychological Development of The School

Patterns of development including the development of social psychology every child is different, a lot of and also the wider developments in each phase that passed also different such patterns of development of the physical and the spiritual are not the same in the rapid.

Get faster development of the spiritual but not necessarily in terms of spiritual can also develop faster. There are several factors which can affect the psychological development, namely:

1) Factors Nativism

The flow or the theory of nativism spearheaded by Schopenhover and some other figures such as Plato, Lombroso and must use. The flow of this with the extreme states if the development of the human everything is determined from the default factor since birth, and the effect on the emotional development of children of early age.

When the occurrence of conception, namely the process of fertilization of egg cells from the cells of the male, then a child will inherit traits from both parents and be a certain potential.

If concluded, the flow of nativism declared both good and bad, success or failure of development of the individual will depend of the nature of birth of each person.

Experts in the theory of the defense of the truth of conception by showing the many similarities between parents and their children.

It is true if there are a lot of similarities, but for the similarity of parents and children are only based on innate from birth or because of the boost stimulation or because the facilities outside factors nature is still questionable.

But the people of nativism still remain with the establishment because it considers if the development is only a manifestation of the elements of nature only.

By doing so, environmental factors or education according to this flow can't do anything to affect the development of a person. In science education, the flow is called flow pedagogic pessimism which education can affect the child's development toward maturity that is desirable education.

2) Factors Empiricism

Factors or understand empiricism the main character is John Locke in which this theory to the extreme emphasis on the influence of the environment, this theory argues if the environment as determinant of a person and is completely determined by the environment or educational psychology.

From these opinions could be understood if the theory focuses on the influence of the environment or education in the development of psychology in the school.

This theory prioritizes about the presence that does not play a role at all in the process of human development. According to the empirical, the environment that determines is the Almighty when determining the personal development of a person.

To that in the science of education, the theory is called with the flow of education pedagogical optimism that education almighty will establish or develop the personality of a person.

Education to become a means individual to perform the learning process and of the process, the human will also undergo changes or the development of either physical or spiritual in science education include cognitive psychology, affective and also psychomotor.

But the problem is what is the right environment or pendidikaanmenjadi determinant of the development of the a and it is irony because there are people who have the environment or education better so called educated people have not yet experienced the development of a better and does not reflect the attitudes and actions as the learned.

While for people who have low education and not have full facilities development experience as well as the words which is also good.

From the analysis it can be said if the flow of empiricism is the flow that reveals if the environment becomes the main factors that affect the development of the psychology and personality of the child in the psychology and personality of a person.

3) Factors Of Convergence

The theory of convergence is a theory that bridges or handle both theory or ideology of the previous that are extreme, namely the theory of nativism and also the theory of empiricism.

The theory of convergence is a theory which takes the middle way better factors nature or the environment together play an important role in the process of human development.

As the name suggests, convergence means the fusion so that this theory to interpret impartially on one of the theories that influence the development of developmental psychology in the school even combines the influence of both elements of the nature and environment of the same be the same be the dominant factor in the development of a human being.

From the above explanation about the flow of the philosophical doctrine that is associated with the development of psychology in the school so it can be concluded that if the factors that affect the high and the low quality of the results of the development of the students basically consists of:

  • Internal factors: factors that exist in the students include the nature and potential of certain psychological according to the development of the self.
  • External factors, i.e. factors that come from outside the student includes the environment and the experience of particular educational environment.

The phase and Stage of Psychological Development In The School

1) The Development Of Pre-School

The implications of developmental psychology in education, the success rate of students ' learning not only endorsed or determined from the phase of the school, but is also supported by the previous phases, namely pre-school. In fact, at the time when the child is still in utero, which could also affect.

For that, the control of the parents should be realized that the development of the child could walk properly. Syamsu Yusuf in his book, the psychology of the development of children and adolescents stated that if the pre-school age can be divided into two, namely the vital and the aesthetic.

  • The Vitals: The baby called the period of the vital causes physical condition and mental abilities of the baby that becomes a solid foundation for the development and subsequent growth. At this time, someone is going to wear its biological function to find a lot of things in the world.
  • The aesthetic: this Period is considered as the development of the beauty and the word aesthetic is considered as the period of development of the child that the main function of the five senses. Exploitation activities and kids learning are also particularly wear the five senses.

2) The Development Of The School

The Operational level Concrete 7 To 12 Years old: this Phase is for children in ELEMENTARY school called the lower school. Age 7 to 12 years, the cognitive system which is integrated in the organization began to develop.

The process of thinking is no longer static and all used consciously as a tool of the developer's mind.

The operational level of formal 12 years and over: this Period coincides with the period of youth which is to be a period of transition the children to the mature period. This period is considered as a crucial period in the life of someone in particular the formation of the personality of a person.

The Aim Of Knowing The Psychological Development Of The Students

In terms of the factors of psychological development in social issues, has become the necessity of every teacher to know the level of maturity that has been achieved and the level of availability to learn is to know the level of maturity that has been achieved and also the level of availability to learn is absolute.

A teacher should also keep the level of maturity as well as the availability of students in each learning process as well as in any experience who want to learn. This is done so that the business can succeed and ensure students could benefit as well as elements that are carried out in the teaching, guidance and training.

The opinion of some of the above can be known if education is an attempt to improve the ability of learners to a certain extent so that the teacher is also required to master the ability as teachers who are professionals in their field.

The inability of the teachers to see the difference the students in the class faced will have much effect on the failure to maintain and foster human power effectively.

By doing so, the teacher should also be able to pay attention to the difference in individual differences of the child so that the desired goal can be achieved with as good as possible and some of these differences include:

  • Time and also the rhythm of development.
  • Motive, intelligence and emotion.
  • The speed of learning or capture the lesson.
  • Entrance and also the environment.

In the behavior of learning there is also a motivation to learn. Motivation to learn is composed of intrinsic and also extrinsic. Teachers are expected to have a talk with the students that are tailored to the maturity of the body, the intellect and the emotions they are in accordance with the mental.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post

Contact Form